Deadliest Nations for Journalists 2014

The job of a journalist can be incredibly dangerous when working from nations in conflict and this year has proven to be one of the most deadly on record in recent years.

According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, an organization that keeps track of journalists who have been killed, kidnapped, or who have gone missing, 2014 marked the end to the most dangerous three-year period for journalists ever on record. In total, 60 journalists and 11 media workers were killed this year compared to 70 journalists and four media workers in 2013. The majority of these journalists were local people covering local stories and approximately one-third were freelancers.

Syria stands at the top of the list this year as the most deadly nation for journalists, as the country is embattled in a civil war that began in 2011 after the Arab Spring Revolutions. In the country alone, 17 journalists were killed; a stark contrast to the rest of the nations that all had less than five casualties. The total number of journalists killed since the start of the Syrian Civil War now stands at 79.

The disappearance of journalists in Syria is also a major issue as CPJ reports that due to the conflict it’s difficult to keep track of all journalists who are kidnapped or who have gone missing.

Of those journalists who lost their lives this year, the deaths of James Foley and Steven Sotloff garnered significant media attention. Foley, a U.S. freelance journalist was beheaded on video by members of the Islamic State nearly 21 months after being kidnapped. Two weeks later, Sotloff, a U.S.-Israeli freelance journalist was executed in a similar fashion.

In addition to those murdered this year, there were also a near record-breaking number of journalists jailed for their work, with over 200 for the third year in a row. China is currently holding the most journalists behind bars compared to any other nation with 44 – the highest number CPJ has ever recorded for the country.

The CPJ has released their annual report every year since it started recording deaths in 1992.  Their database includes detailed information on each journalist killed, imprisoned, exiled, or missing, and aims to create awareness and “defend journalists worldwide,” according to their website.

The number of journalists killed in each country include: Syria, 17; Iraq, 5; Ukraine, 5; Israel and the occupied Palestinian Territory, 4; Somalia, 4; Pakistan, 3; Afghanistan, 3; Paraguay, 3; Brazil, 2; Mexico, 2; India, 2; Egypt, 1; South Africa, 1; Central African Republic, 1; Burma, 1; Philippines, 1; Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1; Bangladesh, 1; Guinea, 1; Yemen, 1; Libya, 1; according to the CPJ database.

Follow Sean Flynn on Twitter @BuffaloFlynn.

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Five Best Free Apps for Journalists in 2014

As a journalist you can often find yourself rushing to make a deadline and reporting on the fly.  It comes in not only handy, but imperative to have reliable smart phone apps that help you get the job done.

Since you may not always have access to a JVC camera, audio recorder, or sometimes even a reliable pencil I’ve put together a list of the five best apps for journalists that I’ve found necessary to help me do my job in a pinch.

5.) Citymapper (Free; iPhone, Droid)
This transport app makes navigating even the most intimidating cities effortless.  The comprehensive app lets you plan your trip from A to B with real-time data that shows you the best mode of transportation.  Citymapper won the Best Overall Mobile App 2014 by Mobile World Congress and Designs of the Year 2014 by the London Design Museum.

4.) audioBoom (Free; iPhone)
I can never stress enough the importance of having a reliable audio recorder when conducting interviews.  Regardless of how fast you can write, there are always details that may slip through the cracks that can be picked up on your audio.  This app is the most reliable that I’ve found to record audio and even edit it on your phone.  And if that isn’t enough, you can download up to 2 hours of your favorite podcasts to listen to on the train when you don’t have internet access.

3.) Evernote (Free; iPhone, Droid)
Evernote is the all-in-one app that forces you to keep organized.  You can keep lists, long notes, collect web articles and photos, and search effortlessly through your tangled mess of a digital workspace.  It’s the perfect secretary who’s avaible 24/7 and doesn’t require a paycheck.

2.) Simplenote (Free; iPhone)
You’ll never have to miss a beat when compiling a story on the run.  Simplenote allows you organize your lists, notes, ideas and most importantly, your stories.  You can sync your iPhone to your other Apple products so whether you’re writing in the office, from the cab, or at home, you’ll never miss a beat.

1.)  iTeleport Remote Desktop ($24.99; iPhone)
This app is essential for the scatterbrained reporter on-the-go.  iTeleport allows you to access your home computers from your iPhone or iPad from anywhere with a 3G connection.  With the potential to connect to up to 20 different computers you never have to worry about bringing your laptop with you while you report from the field.

Check out my list from last year to see what other apps you might want to consider.

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Diem Brown, Entertainment Reporter and MTV Reality Star, Dies at 34

Diem Brown, MTV reality star and reporter died earlier this month after a long battle with cancer. She was 34 years old.

The “Real World/Road Rules Challenge” star and entertainment reporter was admitted to a New York City hospital on November 9. She took to Twitter, telling her 20,000 followers that she refused to give up.

“Doctors are seemingly giving up…but I won’t and can’t roll over,” she tweeted. “Whatever option I have to LIVE I’m grabbing!”

MTV released a statement shortly after her death expressing their sympathies.

“MTV is tremendously sad to hear the news that Diem Brown has lost her long battle with cancer. We send our deepest condolences to her family and friends,” the spokeswoman said. “Diem was a true fighter and brought passion to everything she touched. We will miss her.”

Brown made her first appearance on the network after being cast for the “Real World/Road Rules Challenge: Fresh Meat” which debuted in 2006, shortly after being diagnosed with ovarian cancer for the first time at the age of 22. She revealed her diagnosis to the cast and production company during filming in November 2005.

As her public persona grew, Brown became more involved with journalism, working with publications including the Associated Press, Sky Living, and She also wrote a blog for about her experiences of living with cancer, and she hosted a special on called Surviving Cancer.

Brown founded the crowdfunding website MedGift, a patient gift registry which allowed patients to receive help from family and friends while in treatment.

Brown’s cancer returned in 2012. After several months of treatment, including chemotherapy, Brown’s cancer went into remission in 2013. This past August, while filming her eighth Challenge competition for MTV she collapsed on set. After being flown to New York for treatment she announced that her ovarian cancer had metastasized to her colon and stomach, and then to her liver and lymph nodes.

Brown passed away on November 14, 2014 surrounded by family and friends. As the public persona for cancer patients everywhere, Brown’s voice will forever be heard and her message forever felt.

Follow Sean on Twitter @BuffaloFlynn.

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Uber Exec Wants to Spy On Journalists

A senior executive at Uber – a private rental car service, came up with the outlandish plot to counteract bad public relations, not by solving problems but by making more.

Senior vice president of business, Emil Michael, made comments earlier this month during a conversation that he thought was considered off the record regarding how he would handle their media scandals in the future. After his company received a handful of negative reviews and criticisms in the media, Michael suggested that Uber hire a task force with the sole purpose of digging up dirt on the personal lives of reporters who criticize their company.

The conversation took place at a dinner at Manhattan’s Waverly Inn attended by some of New York’s most influential people. The dinner was hosted by the former advisor to British Prime Minister David Cameron, Ian Osborne. Michael suggested that a task force of researchers and journalists be assembled to dig up dirt on the “personal lives” and “families” of reporters and leak the information to the media, at the cost of “a million dollars.”

Michael had one specific reporter in mind when he made the comments, a female journalist by the name of Sarah Lacy, the editor of the Silicon Valley website PandoDaily. Lacy had recently accused Uber of “sexism and misogyny,” writing “I don’t now how many more signals we need that the company simply doesn’t respect us or prioritize our safety.”

In a statement through Uber, Michael said that he regretted making the comments and that they didn’t reflect the views of himself or the company.

Only a few days later, actor Ashton Kutcher who also happens to be an investor in the company, drew criticisms on social media after supporting Michael’s claims.

“What is so wrong about digging up dirt on shady journalist?” Kutcher tweeted to his nearly 17 million followers. He continued to write, “Questioning the source needs to happen…Always!”

Michael’s remarks come only shortly after the company launched an initiative to improve its relationship with the media earlier this month. The company has struggled with being depicted as having an insensitive and hyper-aggressive public persona, according to Buzzfeed.

Michael has since issued an apology.

“The remarks attributed to me at a private dinner — borne out of frustration during an informal debate over what I feel is sensationalistic media coverage of the company I am proud to work for — do not reflect my actual views and have no relation to the company’s views or approach. They were wrong no matter the circumstance and I regret them.”

At no point, however, was it expressed that Uber has actually hired any researchers to carry out their plan.

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Blendle to Expand Its ‘iTunes for Journalism’ with $3.8M Investment

The New York Times Company and German-based publisher Axel Springer SE agreed to invest $3.8 million in a Dutch journalism startup company.

Blendle, an online platform that allows it’s readers to search and read content on a per-article basis for mere pennies, launched only six months ago.  Although the company is currently only operating in the Netherlands, the multimillion dollar investment on behalf of The Times and Axel Springer would allow the company to expand to other countries in the near future.

Users can set up search options for subjects and journalists they are interested in following.  Once a new article is published the reader receives an email notification.  More than 130,000 users have signed up for the trial period of the app in the Netherlands, 20% of whom have added funds to their accounts beyond the free trial period.

“With Blendle, the Dutch can read all quality journalism in the country, and see instantly what’s popular right now and what friends have shared,” it read on the company’s website.  “And the best thing: they only pay for the articles they like.”

Blendle has already secured contracts with a number of top newspapers and magazine publishers in the Netherlands and Belgium.  Publishers keep 70% of the revenue collected from articles that run on average about 25 cents each for readers.

The pilot program described as the “iTunes for journalism” is mutually beneficial for the startup company and the more established Times and Axel Springer, although those publications will not receive any preferential treatment, according to The Wall Street Journal.  By backing Blendle, The New York Times Company and Axel Springer hope to spread their reach to other countries.

Alexander Klöpping, Blendle’s co-founder, said the investment is key to further expand into Europe.  For their investment, The New York Times and Axel Springer will jointly received a 23% stake in Blendle, according to an announcement late Sunday, which gives the startup a valuation of around 13 million euros, according to The Wall Street Journal.

Axel Springer has been making strides over the past few months to expand their presence in the United States.  Earlier this month, the publisher paid $20 million to increase their stake in the online magazine Ozy, and in September it collaborated with to start a European version of the Washington, D.C.-based news outlet.

“As a publisher we want to convince users to pay for great journalism; also in the digital age,” said Axel Springer Chief Executive Mathias Döpfner to The Wall Street Journal.  “Blendle has the potential to attract young, Internet savvy readers.”

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Stephen Burgard, Northeastern Journalism School Director, Dies

Stephen D. Burgard, the director of the Northeastern University School of Journalism died earlier this week while on sabbatical, school officials announced Tuesday.

Bruce Ronkin, interim dean of Northeastern’s College of Arts, Media and Design, addressed the community in an email expressing his “deep sadness” with the passing of Burgard, according to The Boston Globe.  Ronkin did not offer any more details on how or when Burgard, 66, passed but wrote of Burgard’s imprint on the school and larger Northeastern community.

Burgard joined the Northeastern faculty in 2002 after a decorated career of 26 years as a reporter and editor.  From 1990 to 2002, Burgard worked as a member of the editorial board at the Los Angeles Times where he contributed to the newspaper’s coverage of the Rodney King trial and the “Pulitzer Prize-winning coverage of the 1994 Northridge earthquake,” reported The Boston Globe.

“He was a vital part of our community, and he will be dearly missed,” Ronkin wrote in his letter to students and alumni.  “I hope that we can draw strength from each other and from the larger Northeastern community.”

Dan Kennedy, the acting director of the journalism program at Northeastern, spoke to The Boston Globe saying that Burgard was on sabbatical for the fall term but planned on returning as director of the program in January.  Kennedy credited Burgard with helping transition the journalism school to a more digitally focused program to meet the needs of the changing profession.

“We saw the interest was there,” Burgard said in an interview last year with New England Newspaper & Press Association last year, referencing the shifted focus towards digital journalism.  “Now we have moved toward requiring multimedia courses in the whole curriculum.

He continued to explain, “we began by recognizing that the Internet was here to stay, and then began making changes.”

The journalism school at Northeastern is regularly listed as one of the best in the country partly due to their commitment to matching students with employers to gain “real-world reporting experience.”

Burgard leaves behind three adult children.

“He [was] kind of a big, blustery guy, but he [was] also somebody who clearly cared about the people he worked with,” Kennedy said to The Boston Globe.  “He was more than a mentor.  He was a friend.”

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Al Jazeera Buys Full-Page Ad in New York Times Calling for Release of Jailed Journalists

Nearly 300 days have passed since the arrest and imprisonment of three Al Jazeera journalists in Egypt, but the publication doesn’t want you to forget.

Last week while world leaders gathered for the UN General Assembly, Al Jazeera took out a full-page ad in the New York Times calling on the Egyptian president to release Peter Greste, Mohammed Fahmy and Baher Mohamed who were arrested in December 2013.

The ad read:

Al Jazeera’s journalists Peter Greste, Mohamed Fahmy and Baher Mohamed have been jailed for seven to ten years in Egypt for doing their jobs of reporting the news.

Human rights organizations, news networks, and the US government have joined the call for their release. But nearly 300 days later they still languish behind bars,” the ad read.

Egypt, isn’t it time you give them back their freedom?

A “FreeAJStaff” hashtag campaign was created when the men were first arrested to continue the awareness of what is considered an unjust detention of seasoned journalists.

The detention of these journalists has garnered substantial criticism internationally with The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights urging authorities to “promptly release” the Al Jazeera staff. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry was also highly critical, saying that he had met with President Abdul Fattah el-Sisi but that he seemed unmoved. Sisi later said that he would not interfere with the judicial rulings.

The entire judicial process in this case has been criticized from the beginning with many questioning the validity of the claims.

The three men were reporting in Cairo when they were arrested and charged with reporting news that was “damaging to national security.”   All three men were found guilty and sentenced to between 7 and ten years in prison.

Most recently, President Barack Obama met with Sisi to talk about issues in the Middle East including the “rights to free speech and the rights of journalists,” said U.S. Deputy National Security Adviser Ben Rhodes to Al Jazeera.

“The president expressed his view that those journalists should be released,” he continued to say.

In addition to Greste, Fahmy and Mohamed, eleven other defendants were tried in absentia, including one Dutch and two British journalists. All of those who were absent were given 10-year sentences.

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Where Free Press Stands in Hong Kong Protests

Freedom of the press is a luxury that many take for granted. It’s easy to turn on the television, check your favorite website or browse social media for any inkling of news, but what if that wasn’t the case?

Under the leadership of newly elected President Xi Jinping, access to uncensored news coverage in mainland China is essentially non-existant. Residents of Hong Kong have enjoyed more liberal rights to free speech since becoming an autonomous city in 1997 after more than 100 years as a British colony. But what if that all changed?

Protestors have amassed in the streets of Hong Kong over the past few days in protest of the increasing control of the Chinese Communist Party. Protestors are calling for direct control of the 2017 elections for the leader of their city without Beijing intervening, which wants to approve of the candidates before the vote, according to U.S. News.

This one issue is more representative of the growing fears that residents of Hong Kong have. It’s the concern that mainland China is slowly encroaching on their liberties and tens of thousands are taking to the streets to ensure that their voices are heard. As journalists have become increasingly censored over the past few years in China with some notable media figures being fired from their jobs or denied entry to the country, many are heading to Hong Kong. As protestors clash with the government over maintaining their freedoms the rights of journalists is caught in between

Jinping’s predecessor, former Chinese President Hu Jintao was considered to be ruthless when it came to media censorship. During his tenure between 2005 and 2013 when social media became increasingly popular, Jintao built an immense internet censorship system that regularly blocked anti-government speech. His system, nicknamed “the Great Firewall of China” pails in comparison to the aggressive tactics implemented by Jintao.

In the lead up to the June 4 anniversary of Tiananmen Square, 91 writers, activists and lawyers were arrested or forced out of Beijing for their criticisms of the government. Further regulations have blocked online content, including Google, from operating in the country because of an implemented “communications lockdown,” according to U.S. News.

As of Sunday, Instagram was blocked in mainland China to prevent images of the Hong Kong protests from spreading throughout the country. The hashtags “Occupy Central” referring to the protests, and “Hong Kong” have also been blocked on Weibo.

Even with the increased censorship the word is getting out. News is spreading throughout the world of the protests in Hong Kong and the attempts of the government to censor this seems to only be backfiring.

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Diane Sawyer Signs off From “World News”

After five years behind the anchor desk at ABC’s “World News”, veteran journalist Diane Sawyer signed off this past Wednesday with a thank you to her viewers and a reassurance that the show will be in “strong and steady hands” with new anchor David Muir.

Sawyer concluded her broadcast by taking some time to speak of the “great priviledge it has been to sit in the anchor chair,” once taken by the late Peter Jennings. She continued to say that “‘World News’ will continue to be dedicated to what informs you and what makes life better.”

Sawyer, 68, will be headed to another full-time position at ABC News leading a new program that “tackles big issues and interviews while continuing to anchor and produce specials,” according to the New York Post.

Sawyer started her career as an assistant to the White House deputy press secretary Jerry Warren, under the presidency of Richard Nixon. After spending years working various positions in the White House, Sawyer took a job as a general-assignment reporter for CBS News. Sawyer held a handful of positions at CBS including political correspondent and co-anchor of their morning news show. But the role that garnered Sawyer the most notoriety was her five years as the first female correspondent for “60 Minutes.”

In 1989 Sawyer made the move to ABC with a two-year stint as co-anchor of 20/20 and in 1999 she made the return to morning news with her role as co-anchor of “Good Morning America.” In 2000, Sawyer returned to co-anchor Primetime, a position that she held until 2006. In 2009, Sawyer was announced as successor to Charles Gibson, who had announced his retirement as anchor of “World News” earlier that year.

On her final night with “World News,” Sawyer explained that she still has plenty ahead of her.

“I am not slowing down,” she said. “I am already at work on stories that take you into the world around us, the ones we rarely get to see.”

Sawyer, who joined the network in 1989 will be leaving the show “in strong ratings territory,” according to the New York Post. “World News” comes in second to NBC’s “Nightly News” with Brian Williams.

Muir will take over as “World News” managing editor and anchor on September 2 following the Labor Day weekend.

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Reporting the News or Spreading Propaganda

The dangers of reporting on international conflict are nothing new. Journalists have stepped into harms way to cover wars and uprisings for years, but with the advent of social media journalists and media organizations face a whole new problem. When tragedy strikes and news must be reported, the media walks the fine line of disseminating information that puts them in a whole new danger zone.

When photojournalist James Foley was killed earlier this month by a militant of the Islamic State, news quickly circulated of the gruesome video of his death that had been posted to Youtube. Jihadists of ISIS recorded the gruesome death of Foley and a message to President Obama. Although the video was taken down from Youtube shortly after being posted, it still managed to spread quickly thanks to social media sites like Twitter and Facebook.

The video, titled “A Message to Amerca” directly addressed President Obama, warning him and other Americans of further retaliation to the United States. The message comes after two weeks of US airstrikes in the Middle East that have prevented ISIS militants from advancing. By the beginning of this month the terrorist group had already seized nearly a third of Iraq, according to The Independent.

Most news organizations reported on the death of Foley in a respectful manner, telling of his past work and previous six-week capture while reporting on the uprising in Libya. When violent incidences like this have happened in the past, the criticism of the media usually focuses on their decision to air graphic photos or video. In this instance, thankfully the footage was generally kept off the air.

The issue that media organizations have to grapple with is that the reporting of the murder of James Foley leads to the dissemination of the ISIS message to the US. As it was put by Al Jazeera, ‘the American journalist had become a huge part of the story he was sent there to cover.’

There is no real answer to how media organizations should handle this dilemma as the news should be reported and the torture that Foley endured at the hands of terrorists should be known. I personally believe that the media handled the reporting of this story well and maintained respect for this talented individual without sensationalizing the story.

I don’t bring this question up for a retrospective answer but as an unfortunate acknowledgement the fact that similar stories to this will be handled in the future. My question has nothing to do with any mistakes that may have been made during the reporting of this story, but how the media will continue to report on the ISIS message of violent antagonism towards the West without spreading their propaganda? And in that respect, when reporting on any story in which a terrorist message is a predominant factor, is it possible to report without spreading their message?

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